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Pippin 'the Short' King of the Franks

Male 714 - 768  (54 years)


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  • Name Pippin 'the Short' King of the Franks   [1
    Born 714 
    Gender Male 
    Name Pepin the Short 
    Reference Number 9036 
    Died 24 Sep 768 
    Person ID I9036  FelsingFam
    Last Modified 28 Nov 2021 

    Father Charles Martel Prince of the Franks,   b. 23 Aug 688,   d. 22 Oct 741  (Age 53 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother Chrodtrud,   d. Abt 725 
    Relationship natural 
    Family ID F6729  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Bertrada 'au grand pied',   b. Abt 720,   d. 12 Jun 783  (Age ~ 63 years) 
    Children 
    +1. Charlemagne Holy Roman Emperor,   b. Abt 747,   d. 28 Jan 814  (Age ~ 67 years)  [natural]
    Last Modified 28 Nov 2021 
    Family ID F6728  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • BIOGRAPHY from genealogics.org:

      Pippin was born in 714, the son of Charles Martel and Chrodtrud. With his wife Bertrada, daughter of Heribert/Caribert, count of Laon, he had two sons Charles and Carloman, of whom Charles would have progeny.

      Pippin inherited the joint right with his brother Carloman to rule the kingdom of the Franks. In 747 he became sole ruler when Carloman retired to the monastery of Monte Casino. In 751 he asked Pope Zacharias to end the nominal rule of the Merovingians and give him sole power, together with the title 'King of the Franks'. The pope agreed and King Childeric III was placed in a monastery.

      Boniface, Apostle of the Germans (later canonised as St. Boniface) anointed Pippin as King of The Franks at Soissons, possibly in 751. Two years later Pippin saved the next pope, Stephen II, from the Lombards. The pope himself again anointed Pippin at the Abbey of St. Denis, together with his two young sons. Pippin proved a much more able king than the Merovingian 'Rois faineants' (do nothing kings). The Franks descended on Italy to support the pope, and they defeated Astolfo, king of the Lombards. Pippin was made a senator of Rome though he could neither read nor write.

      After the pope was attacked again, Pippin again defeated Astolfo and made a gift to the pope of Lombard lands near Rome. This bequest was the beginning of the pope's status as a temporal sovereign. Pippin died at the Abbey of St. Denis in 768. His sons Charles and Carloman divided the Frank domains. Carloman soon died, leaving Charles, as the sole ruler of the kingdom of the Franks, to become the most important ruler ever to have 'the Great' added to his name. Charles The Great, or Carolus Magnus, became better known as Charlemagne.

  • Sources 
    1. [S804] Genealogics.org.